Stimulant Addiction Treatment and Detox in Tennessee
In 2014, it was estimated that almost a million people age 12 and older had a stimulant use disorder because of cocaine use. Plus, nearly half a million had a stimulant use disorder because of using other stimulants besides methamphetamine. So, if you think you need help with an addiction to stimulants, you’re right. You will need help when you stop and you will need help to recover. Professional treatment of stimulant addiction can help you get through the withdrawal period when you quit using and prepare you for treatment in a recovery center. You can accomplish both steps in your recovery, right in Nashville, Tennessee.
What Is Stimulant Use Disorder?
Stimulant use disorder is a misuse of stimulant drugs such as:
- Methamphetamine, and
These drugs are used to increase attention, energy, and alertness. Many people start using stimulants to:
- control their weight,
- improve performance at work,
- in school, or
- in athletics.
What Is Stimulant Detox?
Detox is a way of managing the severe symptoms of stimulant withdrawal that come when you stop your drug use. Detoxification is a way of clearing the toxins (poisons) from the body of an individual who is dependent on a substance of abuse or severely intoxicated.
The duration of your detox and the types of medication that might be needed will depend on:
- The type of addiction
- Your personal and family history
- Resources available at the treatment facility
There are three essential parts to detox. They might take place at the same time or in steps. They are:
- Evaluation–This includes doing tests to identify the presence of the drug in the bloodstream, measuring the concentration, and screening the person for co-occurring mental and physical conditions. The information gathered serves as the basis for the treatment plan after withdrawal is completed.
- Stabilization–Stabilization involves the medical and social processes of helping the individual through intoxication and stimulant withdrawal to become medically stable and substance-free.
- Supporting and promoting the patient’s entry into treatment--Step 3 involves preparing the person for entry into treatment by stressing the importance of continuing with the entire course of treatment.
A detoxification program is not meant to solve the long-standing psychological, social, and behavioral problems linked with drug or alcohol use. Once the substance is out of your system, you have addressed the physical symptoms of addiction. But recovery means addressing the psychological symptoms of addiction too. A stimulant addiction treatment program should follow detox.
Symptoms of Stimulant Withdrawal
Individuals that abuse stimulants tend to binge on them until they have used up their supply. Consequently, they also tend to have poor physical health. This is associated with a lack of sleep, an unhealthy diet, and poor personal hygiene.
The many psychological and physical deficiencies linked to drug abuse only add to the unpredictability of stimulant withdrawal symptoms. Depending on the stimulant used, withdrawal can start in as little as one hour after the last use. Symptoms will then start to decline over the next week to 10 days.
- Extreme cravings for the drug
- Headaches and muscle aches
- Extreme fatigue
- Rapid heart rate and breathing
- Excessive sweating
- Major depression
- Constant psychosis (distorted thoughts and perceptions)
- Memory problems
- Loss of focus
- Mood swings
More severe symptoms may occur and include:
- Cardiac arrest
- Bleeding in the brain
After completing stimulant detox, when you are free of the toxins you have consumed, you will be evaluated to determine what stimulant addiction treatment program will best suit your needs. The purpose of detox is to prepare you to enter a treatment program. Typical programs include:
In a residential program, you will live at the treatment center and have 24-hour-a-day medical supervision. It is the highest level of care. This type of program is particularly important for individuals whose addiction was:
- long-term, or
- co-occurring with another disorder.
Outpatient programs can offer a high level of care without the necessity of living at the treatment facility.
- Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)–In an IOP, you will live at home but spend several days a week at the treatment facility, attending counseling and therapy sessions. Outpatient programs can provide excellent stimulant addiction treatment for certain people. This program can also be used as a step-down program for people who have completed residential care.
- Outpatient Program (OP)–The regular outpatient program offers the same treatment as an IOP but with a lower time commitment. It also is a good step-down from a higher level of care. The longer a person stays in treatment, the better their success rate.
Stimulant Addiction Treatment
Treatment of addiction frequently uses medication-assisted treatment to deter the desire or use of the substance. However, there are no medications that are specifically approved by the FDA for the treatment of stimulant addiction.
Although stimulant withdrawal is not usually life-threatening, the depression that results may be quite severe, especially for amphetamine withdrawal. People going through treatment should be watched for suicidal signs. Individuals with other mental disorders are, particularly at risk.
Behavioral therapy has been found to be the most effective treatment for stimulant use disorder. Some examples of behavioral therapy include:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT is a type of psychotherapy (talk therapy) that helps individuals learn how to recognize and change destructive or disturbing thought patterns that are having a negative influence on behaviors and emotions.
The goal of CBT is to change the automatic negative thoughts that can add to and worsen emotional problems, depression, and anxiety. Spontaneous negative thoughts like these have a harmful influence on mood. By using CBT, these thoughts are:
- challenged, and
- replaced with more objective and realistic thoughts.
Contingency Management (CM)
Contingency management offers tangible rewards, points, or vouchers which are earned by attending meetings, clean drug tests, and other positive behaviors. Patients may redeem them for a healthy dinner in a restaurant, gym membership, etc.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
DBT is a revised type of CBT. The main goals of DBT are to teach people how to:
- Regulate their emotions
- Develop healthy ways to deal with stress
- Live in the moment
- Improve relationships with others
What Are the Risk Factors for Stimulant Addiction?
Stimulant addictions can begin in several ways. People getting treatment for ADHD or similar disorders might gradually increase their prescription stimulant doses to the point of becoming dependent. Many high school and college students begin using without medical supervision to be more competitive academically, frequently leading to stimulant withdrawal. Often, people with chronic depression or other mood disorders may begin using stimulants to fight the symptoms. Eventually, they lose their motivation and ability to stop.
Some of the risk factors for stimulant addiction include:
- Chronic use of illegal or prescription stimulants
- Gradually increasing doses of stimulants over time
- Having a family history of depression or other mood disorders
- Having ADHD or other learning disabilities
Stimulant Addiction and Mental Health Disorders
Addictions to stimulants can be stoked by long-term mood disorders such as depression or bipolar disorder, which feature chronic periods of low moods. This can cause an urge to artificially improve mood, cognition, and energy levels.
The common learning disability, ADHD, is often treated with prescription stimulant medications. Using these medications inappropriately or for longer than directed by a physician increases the risk of an addiction. When a person has an addiction and a mental disorder, it is considered a dual diagnosis. Treatment of both conditions must be done simultaneously, preferably by the same treatment team. Treating one without the other will only make both of them worse.
How Do I Know if I Have a Stimulant Use Disorder?
Perhaps you don’t think you have a stimulant use disorder. Many addicts deny they have a problem right up to the point where they recognize that they do. Consider the following:
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), to be diagnosed with a stimulant use related disorder an individual must have a pattern of problematic use of amphetamine, cocaine, or other stimulants (except caffeine or nicotine), leading to at least 2 of the following problems within a 12-month period:
- The stimulant is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended.
- Unsuccessful in trying to cut down or control their use of stimulants despite wanting to.
- Devoting excessive amounts of time to activities associated with stimulant use.
- Cravings and urges for stimulants.
- Failing to meet obligations at home, school, or work.
- Continuing the use of stimulants, even though it has led to relationship or social problems.
- Reducing or giving up important social, recreational, or work-related activities because of stimulant use.
- Using stimulants in a way that harms your body.
- Continuing stimulant use while knowing that it is causing or making a physical or psychological problem worse.
- Building a tolerance to stimulants.
- Experiencing stimulant withdrawal symptoms if you don’t take them.
Are There Any Health Effects From Abusing Stimulants?
Effects of chronic stimulant use can include:
- Decreased sexual function
- Potential damage to cardiovascular and central nervous systems
Chronic methamphetamine use has these additional mental and physical side effects:
- Weight loss
- Tooth decay
- Aging skin
Getting Stimulant Withdrawal Treatment in Tennessee
You can get high-quality, professional treatment in Tennessee at Nashville Detox Center. Our staff is experienced in helping people just like you. People who never started out to be addicted to any substance, but found themselves in that situation.
Don’t wait for the serious consequences to devastate your health. And if you are already experiencing those consequences, you need help now. Nashville Detox Center can provide you a safe and secure environment, free of triggers to use. Our medical professionals will help you through detox and into a treatment program designed specifically for you. You have everything to gain if you contact us now.